Home

News on the go!

News:

Indian Hemp Drugs Commission (1893-94) 100th Anniv
Legal Resources: 06/13/04 - 07:47:30 Posted By: Dan

NATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR THE REFORM OF MARIJUANA LAWS (NORML)
1001 CONNECTICUT AVENUE NW * SUITE 1010 * WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036
PHONE 202-483-5500 * FAX 202-483-0057 * E-MAIL NATLNORML@AOL.COM

* * * NEWS RELEASE * * *

First Large-Scale Marijuana Commission Report
Turns 100 Years Old
CONTACT:
  Tod Mikuriya, M.D., marijuana researcher/historian......................
    ......510-843-0279
  Matthew Atha, M.Sc., British drug abuse research consultant.............
    011-44-942-522-946
  Mike Goodman, Release (British anti-prohibition organization) director..
    011-44-71-729-5255
  Lester Grinspoon, M.D., Harvard Medical School professor................
    ......617-277-3621
  Eric Sterling, Criminal Justice Policy Foundation president.............
    ......202-835-9075

 November 1, 1994, marks the 100th anniversary of the Report of the Indian Hemp Drugs Commission (1893-94). This 3,281-page British government-commissioned report on marijuana consumption in India was the first large-scale study of the marijuana phenomenon. The commission's purpose was to discover the actual effects of marijuana consumption on individuals and society and to determine the most appropriate governmental response. (Marijuana was legal at the time.)
 The study was perhaps the most extensive marijuana fact-finding mission to date. Evidence was collected from more than 1,000 witnesses, including medical officers, missionaries, and cultivators. The study was unique in another regard as a pre-prohibition study, the effects of the drug were not confounded by the subjects' involvement with a criminal subculture.
 The conclusions in no way justify the current War Against Marijuana Consumers. The report's conclusions included the following:
 * Physical, Mental, and Moral Effects -- "[T]he moderate use of these drugs is the rule, and ... excessive use is comparatively exceptional. The moderate use produces practically no ill effects. In all but the most exceptional cases, the injury from habitual moderate use is not appreciable. The excessive use may certainly be accepted as very injurious, though it must be admitted that in many excessive consumers the injury is not dearly marked." [Volume I, page 264, emphasis added.]  * Societal Effects -- "[E]ven the excessive consumer of hemp drugs is ordinarily inoffensive. ... [F]or all practical purposes it may be laid down that there is little or no connection between the use of hemp drugs and crime. The injury done by the excessive use is ... confined almost exclusively to the consumer himself; the effect on society is rarely appreciable. ... [Facts] combine to show most clearly how little injury society has hitherto sustained from hemp drugs." [Volume I, page 264,emphasis added.]  * Policy Recommendations -- "Total prohibition ... is neither necessary nor expedient. ... The policy advocated is one of control and restriction, aimed at suppressing the excessive use and restraining the moderate use within due limits." To these ends, the commission recommended taxationand licensing.

 Interestingly, the commission also warned of the possibility that prohibition may lead to the consumption of harder drugs, specifically by "driving the consumers to have recourse to other stimulants or narcotics which may be more deleterious." [Volume I, page 360, emphasis added.] Sadly, this prediction has come true, as Marijuana Prohibition has indeed increased hard drug abuse.





Significance of the Anniversary                                 PAGE 2 OF 2

 "The centennial of the Indian Hemp Drugs Commission Report is an occasion to seriously re-examine contemporary marijuana policy," explains Dr. Tod Mikuriya* "The conclusions reached predate by 100 years what we now consider to be model harm-reduction policies."   Indeed, every major commission study of the past 100 years has also made recommendations against the complete prohibition of marijuana. Examples include: The Panama Canal Zone Military Investigations (1916-1929); Mayor's Committee on Marihuana, The Marihuana Problem in the City of New York ("The LaGuardia Report," 1944); and National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse, Marihuana: A Signal of Misunderstanding ("Nixon-Shafer Report," 1972).
 Nevertheless, governments around the world have consistently ignored the wisdom of the report and have instead opted for the counterproductive policy of Marijuana Prohibition.
 Ironically, another major commission study is set to commence next year. The recently enacted federal crime bill establishes a commission to be known as the "National Commission on Crime Control and Prevention." One of its task forces shall evaluate current drug control policies and make recommendations regarding necessary improvements. [Congressional Record, Sunday, August 21, 1994, pages H8851-H8852.]
 NORML believes that it is time for society to stop ignoring the evidence. According to NORML National Director Richard Cowan, "The centennial of this report reminds us of two very important points: (1) Marijuana has not always been illegal. This is a 20th century aberration like its contemporary -- communism. (2) When marijuana is freely available, as it is in Holland today, there will be benefits to society -- not just to marijuana consumers -- while prohibition costs everyone."  Matthew Atha, M.Sc., a British drug abuse research and information consultant, expressed a similar frustration. "Governments should start looking at the facts rather than exploiting emotions and myths," he said.  It is noteworthy that even the British government continues to ignore its own report. "Regrettably, the government is not prepared to take action to stop the criminalization of millions of British cannabis smokers," said Mike Goodman, director of Release (the 27-year-old British anti-prohibition organization).

Medicinal Marijuana Implications ...
 The Indian Hemp report also concluded: "[T]he occasional use of hemp in moderate doses may be beneficial; but this use may be regarded as medicinal in character." [Volume I, page 264.] Yet one hundred years later, the U.S. government rigidly adheres to its policy of arresting patients who use marijuana for medicine. This must stop!

 November 15, 1994, is National Medical Marijuana Day. Patients, doctors, health care providers, and other concerned citizens will demonstrate in front of the White House and other government offices throughout the nation to make the simple plea for compassion, "Stop Attesting Sick People!" (Contact NORML for more information about the event, and contact Dr. Lester Grinspoon for more information about medicinal marijuana. [Dr. Grinspoon is an Associate Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School and author
of Marihuana, the Forbidden Medicine.]) * Tod Mikuriya, M.D., is a private practice psychiatrist and marijuana researcher/historian. A former marijuana program director for the National Institute of Mental Health (1967), Dr. Mikuriya has studied the entire 3,281-page Indian Hemp Drugs Commission Report.   Dr. Mikuriya will chair an Indian Hemp Drugs Commission Report Centennial panel at the Drug Policy Foundation's 8th International Conference on Drug Policy Reform. The panel will feature marijuana historian Michael Aldrich, Ph.D., economics and drug policy specialist Dale Gieringer, Ph.D., and CityUniversity of New York pharmacology professor John Morgan, M.D. The panel will convene on Saturday, November 19, 1994, from 2:15-3:45 p.m., at Loews L'Enfant Plaza Hotel, Washington, D.C.

-----------------------

Comments on this article:

Juan
11/23/12 - 01:42:27 Posted By: caixi

stand for. patek philippe aquanaut replica patek philippe aquanaut replica .  His layout his expression of style has changed significantly since he really very first entered the community consciousness employing a popped teaching collar too being a Louis Vuitton backpack back again all over again in 2003. And selfexpression by strategy of outfits is something all at the same time strange in modern day superstar way of life, exclusively for guys. Goodlooking men commonly glance excellent in fantastic outfits when they are about a show or probably a redcolored carpet or most likely a newspaper go over, but Kanye differs fake watches for men fake watches for men .  piaget black tie emperador replica fake watch piaget black tie emperador replica fake watch  Rado Integral watch Rado Integral watch . regardless of whether or not he is getting a quart of milk or really going towards the Grammys . , he tries. And for his persevering with and frequently significantly greater endeavours not individuals from the stylist, replica swiss longines replica swiss longines  rado diamaster replica rado diamaster replica  longines replica longines replica .  nor a pushy artist we salute Kanye West given that the extremely very first belonging towards the look
Rose
11/23/12 - 04:59:39 Posted By: caixi

you choose the beauty of fishtail skirt heights. Third, the marriage ceremony style & Bridal Accessories 1, .  veil, rado original replica rado original replica  fake panerai watches fake panerai watches .  headdress: Wreath: made ??by the silk flowers (or real flowers, designed by the hand), the ring can be placed in any position you choose. Hair band: usually simple shapes, used to suppress back hair can be trimmed and decorated with a variety of hairstyles. Juliet cap: sleek design, embracing the back of the head. Small round cap: round, along without hat, on top of the head. Corolla gem: gem crown, Breitling Emergency watches Breitling Emergency watches .  inlaid with fake diamonds, pearls or crystal and so on. 2, skirt replicawatches replicawatches  . : Swing dance Chairman: complete design, with stratification replica swiss patek philippe replica swiss patek philippe , and panniers, the chest is also stitched their teeth. After the drum breitling colt replica breitling colt replica : rear drum combination of weaving and frilly dress to fill the rear skirt. Mermaidstyle swiss rado watchesswiss rado watch swiss rado watchesswiss rado watch : the
Wilfredo
11/23/12 - 05:03:44 Posted By: caixi

the attire attending extra avantgarde and fashionable. "Modern"styles are altered from "contemporary". A avantgarde affair company software tailored and recognized hues with the 40s and ahead. abreast company app hues and designs that are modern right now. replica movado watch replica movado watch  abreast colours transform from division to division and 12 months to 12 months. Rado Integral watch Rado Integral watch  replica ebel watches replica ebel watches .  abreast hues proper now, in 2009, are azure and fuchsia, but which will modify in approaching months fake watches for men fake watches for men . . The most beneficial strategy to acquisition out what colours are in overall look would be to study the runways of look week . . Incorporating essential to your bridesmaids and yearly babe attire is easy replica movado metio replica watches replica movado metio replica watches . . It is a volume of accenting colours to reinforce the images. longines presence replica longines presence replica  Consequently, Omega Aqua Terra 150m Gents watches Omega Aqua Terra 150m Gents watches  it is crucial to bout them on the bride. When the helpmate is chopping white, the bridesmaids and yearly women will

-----------------------
All comments and posts are owned by the poster.

 [End News] | [Return Home]


Home Main Site